Our Fatal Risks

Our Fatal Risks

Balfour Beatty Investment Holdings Ltd has identified the 10 fatal risks that most affect our day to day operations.

These risks have the potential to cause serious injuries or fatalities if we do not manage them effectively.

To help us do this, we have established a working group for each risk. These groups are tasked with finding ways to promote awareness, reduce exposure to, and ultimately eliminate the risks to our employees, supply chain partners and the communities in which we work.

If we cannot design out a risk, we follow our What3Things checklist - a simple summary of three key measures to be applied to each of our fatal risks. The quick and easy prompts are used alongside our Golden Rules, and should address around 80% of the issues surrounding the fatal risks.

Our 10 fatal risks and What3Things we apply to each are: 

Working at height

  • Fall prevention
  • Tools tethered
  • Exclusion zones


  • Authorised Competent Person
  • Electrical permits to work
  • Test before touch


  • Physically and mentally fit
  • Low/no vibrating tools/plant
  • Dust suppression/extraction

Utility avoidance

  • Permit to break ground
  • Utility detection trained
  • Overhead line goalposts

Catastrophic events

  • Temporary Works Co-ordinator
  • Tested emergency response
  • Fire risk assessment

Traffic management

  • Red book ‘plus’ design
  • Traffic Management Plan
  • Segregation


  • Lifting Appointed Person
  • Lift plan and exclusion zones
  • Thorough examination and inspection


  • Design out need to enter
  • Edge protection
  • Ground support/battering

People and Plant interface

  • Segregation, red and amber zones
  • Competent identifiable operators, marshals and controllers
  • Plant standards checked


  • No hand-held devices
  • Fatigue management
  • Permit to drive/relevant licence